seaborgium

Seaborgium, element 106, is the first element named for a living person. The element was first synthesized in 1974 by a team at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1997, at the suggestion of its discoverers, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) named it for American chemist Glenn Seaborg (1912-1999), the Nobel laureate who contributed to the discovery of ten transuranic elements.1 Because Seaborg was still alive at the time, the name was controversial and only settled as part of the 1997 compromise that named elements 101–109.

(Some sources state that the precedent for naming an element after a living person was set with einsteinium, but the announcement of the discovery of that element and its subsequent naming did not occur until after Einstein’s death.)

The chemical symbol for seaborgium is Sg.


1”Names and Symbols of Transfermium Elements (IUPAC Recommendations 1997),” Chemistry International, 1998, Vol. 20, No. 2, p. 38, http://www.iupac.org/publications/ci/1998/march/recent.pdf

moscovium

Element 115 received the name moscovium by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) in June 2016. Moscovium has the symbol Mc. The element is named for the Moscow region—the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, where the element was discovered, is located in Dubna, about 75 miles (125 km) north of the city of Moscow.

New IUPAC guidelines formulated in 2016 require new elements be named after either a mythological character or concept (or an astronomical object named after such a mythological concept), a mineral, a place, or a scientist. Elements in columns 1–16 of the periodic table take the usual suffix -ium. Those in column 17 take the suffix -ine, and those in column 18 the suffix -on. Moscovium is in column 15, hence the -ium ending. Of course, older names for elements may not conform to these guidelines.


Source: “IUPAC is Naming the Four New Elements Nihonium, Moscovium, Tennessine, and Oganesson.” IUPAC press release. 8 June 2016.

[Discuss this post]

flerovium

Element 114 received the name flerovium by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) in 2012. Flerovium has the symbol Fl. The element is named for the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, part of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia. the Joint Institute is a huge research facility employing scientists from around the world. The element was discovered in a collaborative effort by the Dubna scientists and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California.


Source: Loss, Robert D. and John Corish. “Names and Symbols of the Elements with Atomic Numbers 114 and 116 (IUPAC Recommendations 2012).” Pure and Applied Chemistry, 84.7. June 2012. 1669–72.

[Discuss this post]

nihonium

Element 113 received the name nihonium by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) in June 2016. Nihonium has the symbol Nh. The element is named for Japan, Nihon, literally “land of the rising sun,” being one name for that nation in Japanese. The element was discovered by the Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science in Wako, Saitama, Japan. It’s the first element to be discovered in an Asian country.

New IUPAC guidelines formulated in 2016 require new elements be named after either a mythological character or concept (or an astronomical object named after such a mythological concept), a mineral, a place, or a scientist. Elements in columns 1–16 of the periodic table take the usual suffix -ium. Those in column 17 take the suffix -ine, and those in column 18 the suffix -on. Nihonium is in column 13, hence the -ium ending. Of course, older names for elements may not conform to these guidelines.


Source: “IUPAC is Naming the Four New Elements Nihonium, Moscovium, Tennessine, and Oganesson.” IUPAC press release. 8 June 2016.

[Discuss this post]

Latin Dictionary (Lewis & Short)

Lewis, Charlton T., and Charles Short. A Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.

Lewis and Short for many years was the standard Latin dictionary and remains one of the two most often cited Latin dictionaries. Many classical scholars now prefer the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1982), but, despite its age, Lewis and Short is a better source for medieval and post-classical Latin.

The Perseus digital library at Tufts University has made Lewis and Short available and searchable online for free.

You Don’t Say

McIntyre, John E. “You Don’t Say.” The Baltimore Sun, http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/language-blog/.

McIntyre, a veteran copy editor for the Baltimore Sun, blogs about language, copy editing, journalism, and other sundry topics.

Languagehat

Languagehat.com.

Readers of the Wordorigins discussion group will recognize Languagehat. This is his blog about language, translation, and copy editing.

Dictionary Society of America Blog

Dictionary Society of America, http://www.dictionarysociety.com/.

Updates about the society and language stories that are in the news.

Garner’s Modern American Usage

Garner, Bryan A. Garner’s Modern American Usage. Fourth ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.

I use the third (2009) edition, having yet to purchase the new edition.

See my review of the third edition here. And here is another discussion of why I dislike Garner’s approach.

Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style. Sixteenth ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Probably the most comprehensive American style manual in widespread use. A must-have for professional writers.

Powered by ExpressionEngine
Copyright 1997-2016, by David Wilton