redskin, red man
Redskin, a now disparaging term for a Native American, is nearly two and a half centuries old. It is first recorded in a transcript of a speech given by Chief Maringouin, an Indian of the Illinois people, on 26 August 1769. It was interpreted by a Frenchman from the Illinois language and transcribed and translated into English by William Johnson:
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I shall be pleased to have you come to speak to me yourself if you pity our women and our children; and, if any redskins do you harm, I shall be able to look out for you even at the peril of my life.
Cooties, doughboys, and foxholes. Jonathan Lighter has a rather good article on CNN.com on the words spawned during the First World War, which began one hundred years ago next month.
If there is a complaint about the article it’s that Lighter only scratches the surface. There are many, many other terms that could have been mentioned, like tank, over the top, and storm troop. But there is only so much that can be included in an article such as this, and the ones that Lighter includes are a good representational sample.
(CNN gives the date of the war’s start as 4 August, which is the date Britain entered the war, but hostilities had started on 28 July 1914 between Serbia and Austria-Hungary. I wonder if, as the anniversary approaches, if there will be quibbling in the press as to the “true” date.)
Business Jargon Tumblr
I’ve just discovered Use Sparingly, a tumblr that is a Devil’s Dictionary of business jargon.
[Tip o’ the hat to Lowering the Bar]
The Future of Indian English
Are You Using the Wrong Dictionary?
James Somers wrote a blog post on dictionaries a week or so ago, in which he extols older, more poetic dictionary definitions, criticizing modern dictionaries for being flat and uninspiring. He uncovers a very useful technique for punching up writing, one favored by famed, non-fiction writer John McPhee, but in the process Somers falls into a trap that many non-linguists do, ascribing to the myth that when it comes to language authority older is better. To put it bluntly, Somers is probably using the wrong dictionary.Read the rest of the article...
Why English Has Gendered Pronouns
On 2 June, Medievalists.net, an excellent blog and website on all things medieval, posted links to eight different YouTube videos about the Old English poem Beowulf. The videos vary widely in quality, so here I re-present them, in a different order, with some commentary. Overall, this presentation shows that there is quite a bit of material about Beowulf out there, but it varies wildly in quality. The videos that make the most of the audio-visual medium tend to be low quality in terms of scholarship and accuracy, while the most insightful commentary is usually framed in achingly dull presentations of a person standing at a lectern and reading from a script.Read the rest of the article...
How Languages Evolve
TedEd has a video by Alex Gendler on how languages evolve. Nothing surprising or out of the ordinary for those with any kind of background in historical linguistics, but it’s a good overview for the neophyte.
(I’m going to take a moment to bitch about TedEd’s presentation. First, they don’t allow the embedding of the video on other sites. That’s their prerogative, but I don’t see any logic to it. It’s not like they have ads or are otherwise losing money when others embed the video. The second, and much more important complaint, is the lack of a date. When was this video made? I’ve noticed more and more websites and blogs not noting when content is posted. This is a serious deficiency for a site that provides educational materials. Instructors need to know how current the materials are.)
Where Do English Words Come From?
A recent thread on this site’s discussion forum got me thinking about the borrowing of foreign words into English, a language with a reputation for indiscriminately appropriating words from other languages. Etymology books and websites, including this one, often highlight the diversity of languages that English draws its vocabulary from, but how much of this reputation is deserved? Does English really borrow that many words? And does English really filch a lot of words from many different languages? The answers may be a bit surprising, but when you look at the data in light of history, they make a lot of sense.Read the rest of the article...
Copyright 1997-2014, by David Wilton