Upwardly
Posted: 07 November 2008 12:25 PM   [ Ignore ]
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Near as I can tell, this word is identical in meaning to the long standing adverb “upward”.

Was it freshly coined for the phrase “upwardly mobile” or is it older than that?

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Posted: 07 November 2008 12:36 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 1 ]
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I’ve found it back to the first half of the 19th century (link) in Specifications for Practical Architecture by Alfred Bartholomew (1840).

Well acquainted with this principle, the Romans, though they very considerably debased much of their decorative architecture, till almost the decease of their nation as well as of art, scarcely ever threw arches from upwardly diminishing columns :— columns so ill-treated, have in most cases a ruinous and falling appearance ; and if arches be turned over Grecian columns, the violation of art as well as of perspective, is still more apparent : hence the Gothic architects, whose knowledge of optical perspective, and whose practical skill, exhibit almost the ripened thought of myriads of years, never diminished upwardly their piers and columns, beneath their arches.

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Posted: 07 November 2008 02:25 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 2 ]
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The OED has it from 1816: L. HUNT Rimini IV. 387 “There lay she praying, upwardly intent.”

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Posted: 07 November 2008 03:04 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 3 ]
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Upward sounds just fine when it’s modifying a verb but, somehow it needs the -ly suffix when it’s modifying an adjective.

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Posted: 07 November 2008 11:14 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 4 ]
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Both upward-mobile and upwardly-mobile have first cites from 1964 in OED.

1964 GOULD & KOLB Dict. Soc. Sci. 604/2 A hungry rat may be rewarded by food, an upward-mobile person by a symbol of prestige. 1969 J. & S. BARATZ in T. Kochman Rappin’ & Stylin’ Out (1973) 14 The price of integration for the upward-mobile black man has been continuous tension and anxiety.

1964 Sunday Times 23 Aug. 10/2 The barriers within that structure..can be crossed by upwardly-mobile Jews.

Just a WAG, but perhaps the -ly was added as the word transited from sociological to general use.

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