"There’ll always be an England,
an England that is free....”
You seem somehow to have got hold of two of them, Etymosgirl (#4, #12)--- one of them may be the one that’s free, which certainly isn’t the England I know: that one is horrendously expensive, so much so that I haven’t visited it for years. My budget’s overrun almost before I set foot outside the airport.
Many of the names you give aren’t the names of countries at all --- they’re only what English-speaking people call those countries. English-speaking people are notorious for making a hash of other people’s languages, often including names (there was once an Iranian Prime Minister whose name was spelt five different ways in five English newspapers). Not to mention their own. I know at least 3 ways of spelling Smith.
Oh, yes --- another thing about England ---- there’s a new one, on the N. E. coast of the U.S.A. I think it was the weather that made the inhabitants call it that.......
:-) ‘-) ;-)
‘fraid I can’t give you any useful advice, Etymosgirl, though my colleagues can, as you can see (the last person I gave advice to on this board ---it was damn good advice, too --- called me a bastard son of a bitch for my pains).
(sticks nose back in his third double vodka)