Waive
Posted: 19 February 2014 12:43 AM   [ Ignore ]
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This one surprised me, although the clues were there (eg naive, naif). Waive comes from Anglo-Norman weyver, which is a dialect variation of Old French gaiver, “to allow to become a ‘waif’, to abandon”.

The initial sense in English is (from OED):

1. trans. Law. To deprive (a person) of the benefit and protection of the law as a punishment; to outlaw. Chiefly in pass.In Anglo-Norman weyver had the sense ‘to abandon, disclaim ownership of (a serf)’: see Britton i. xxxii. §8.

†a. gen. = outlaw v. Obs.
1297 R. Gloucester’s Chron. (Rolls) 10823 He let al so uor is loue deliueri of prison Sir hubert de boru & oþere þat in prison were ido & hom þat iweiued were is pes he ȝef al so.

Hence through various related senses to the modern meaning.

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Posted: 19 February 2014 06:48 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 1 ]
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Very interesting; I too was surprised!

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Posted: 19 February 2014 08:57 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 2 ]
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You weren’t the only one. Thanks, aldi!

I think I’ve seen “waiver” used (usually in some legal context), more often than I’ve seen “waive”. The most memorable use I can think of: “Ah, take the Cash in hand, and waive the Rest: Oh, the brave Music of a distant Drum!”* (E. Fitzgerald, The Rubaiyyat of Omar Khayyam). That’s the one that sent me to the dictionary, to look the word up.

* Famously paraphrased by Woody Allen: “Take the Money and Run”

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