BL: measles
Posted: 02 July 2019 05:46 AM   [ Ignore ]
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I’ve always thought this name was an odd one

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Posted: 02 July 2019 06:45 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 1 ]
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The OED apparently considers measles to be distinct from, though “strongly influenced in both pronunciation and spelling by” the obsolete mesel, first cited 1300 and meaning (adj) ‘leprous’ or (n) ‘person afflicted by leprosy or a similarly disfiguring skin disease’, which surprised me. I had always assumed them to be cognate, given the vagueness in identification of skin diseases in earlier aged (cf. the translation of the Hebrew tzaraath in the King James Bible as ‘leprosy’).

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Posted: 02 July 2019 11:27 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 2 ]
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Thanks. I’ve added a paragraph on mesel.

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Posted: 02 July 2019 08:44 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 3 ]
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I only know about mesel from the history of the Crusades: King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem suffered from leprosy, and had the sobriquet ‘Le Roy Meziau’.

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