Albion, (Albus)
Posted: 04 October 2019 09:29 AM   [ Ignore ]
Total Posts:  958
Joined  2013-10-14

Shakespeare in Henry V1 second part, employed the word Albion referring to England. I did some research and found some interesting etymologies.

Albion: Is an ancient name of England, from old English, from Latin. 

Etymology Online

late Old English albe “white linen robe” worn by priests, converts, etc.,

Albion: ancient name of England, attested in Old English, from Latin, sometimes said to be from the non-Indo-European base *alb “mountain,” which also is suggested as the source of Latin Alpes “Alps,” Albania, and Alba, an Irish name for “Scotland.” But more likely from Latin albus “white” (see alb), which would be an apt description of the chalk cliffs of the island’s southern coast.


< classical Latin Albiōn (Pliny), apparently < the same Celtic base as Gaulish Albio- world (e.g. in the name of the god Albiorix ), Old Welsh elbid world (Welsh elfydd ) < the Indo-European base of classical Latin albus white (see ALBUM n.2).

Fascinating that all these words are interrelated to albus “white”: Album,( “Latin album is literally “white color, whiteness;” it is a noun use of the neuter of the adjective albus “white"."
albumin, albumen (the whites of eggs) albino, Albuquerque, (Etmonline: “ city in New Mexico, founded 1706 and named for Spanish administrator and viceroy of Mexico Francisco Fernández de la Cueva, Duque de Alburquerque (1617-1676); the name subsequently was altered by association with Portuguese hero Alfonso d’Albuquerque (1453-1515), the “Portuguese Mars,” famed as a great conqueror and champion of Christianity. Both men took their names from Alburquerque, a town in Spain near the Portuguese border, the name of which means “white oak;” it is said to be ultimately from Latin albus “white” …”
Albatross, albacore etc.