samarium

Samarium, element 62, is named after samarskite, the mineral from which it was first isolated. The mineral, in turn, takes its name from a 19th century Russian mining official, Vasily Samarsky-Bykhovets.1

Samarium was isolated in 1879 by French chemist Paul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran who gave the element its name.2

Samarium has the chemical symbol Sm.


1Oxford English Dictionary, samarskite, 2nd Edition, 1989, Oxford University Press, accessed 17 October 2009, http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50212576.

2Oxford English Dictionary, samarium, 2nd Edition, 1989, Oxford University Press, accessed 17 October 2009, http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50212571

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