francium

Francium, element 87, was discovered by French physicist Marguerite Perey in 1939. In 1946 she named the element after her native land. That same year the name of the element made its first appearance in English, in the December issue of the Journal of the Proceedings of the Royal Institute of Chemistry:

For element 87, [...] the name Francium (Fr) has been suggested.1

There were several false claims of discovery prior to Perey’s. One of these, by a team at the Alabama Polytechnical Institute, now Auburn University, dubbed what they thought was element 85 virginium, after the home state of the team’s lead, Fred Allison.2 (See also astatine.)


1Oxford English Dictionary, francium, 2nd Edition, 1989, Oxford University Press, accessed 13 November 2009, http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50089429.

2Oxford English Dictionary, virginium, 2nd Edition, 1989, Oxford University Press, accessed 13 November 2009, http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50278010

Powered by ExpressionEngine
Copyright 1997-2014, by David Wilton