Arkansas / Kansas
Unsurprisingly, Arkansas shares a common root with Kansas. Both come from the Quapaw Sioux word kansa, meaning people of the south wind. The terminal s was added by the French to conform to their spelling conventions.
1Illustrated Dictionary of Place Names: United States and Canada, edited by Kelsie B. Harder (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1976), 20, 267;
Webster’s Third New International Dictionary of the English Language Unabridged, edited by Philip Babcock Gove (Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, 1993), 118, 1232.
Copyright 1997-2013, by David Wilton