zirconium / zircon
Zirconium, element 40, was first isolated in 1824 by Swedish chemist Jöns Jacob Berzelius. In 1808, British chemist Humphry Davy had attempted to isolate the metal, but failed. Davy, however, did successfully name the element, being the first to use the term zirconium. From the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of 1808 (of the four names cited in the quote, only zirconium stuck):
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Had I been so fortunate as to have [...] procured the metallic substances I was in search of, I should have proposed for them the names of silicium, alumium, zirconium, and glucium.1
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